In addition to tobacco and alcohol, two main risk factors with significant impacts on Thai people, , unsafe sexual intercourse is another significant risk factor, especially for women. Research indicates that in 2012 53 out of every 1,000 women (ages 15 to 19) became pregnant. In addition, there are up to 10 girls less than 15 years of age who become “child mothers” each day. Unplanned pregnancy among teenagers poses both short and long-term impacts, both to individuals and their families. The rate of sexually transmitted diseases among teenagers in Thailand is also increasing rapidly at present, rising from 62.8 cases per 100,000 in 2008 to 90.1 in 2012.
In addition to unsafe sexual intercourse, changing environments, mental health problems, stressful lifestyles, and weak consumer protection affect the health of Thai people.
Focus Areas of Plan
1) Sexual Health Promotion Plan
1.1 Prevention and Solutions to Teenage Pregnancies
Development of sex education for children and youth.
Communication campaigns to encourage teenagers to delay the onset of sexual intercourse.
Support for pilot provinces to work with relevant sectors in accordance with nine missions.
1.2 Prevention and Reduction of New HIV Cases
Promotion of 100% condom use and other prevention measures in pilot provinces.
2) Mental Health Promotion Plan
Improvements in reliability indicators and surveying systems.
Development of measures and targets to drive mental health promotion for the entire nation.
Integration of existing knowledge sets, tools, and funding for mental health promotion plans into other ThaiHealth work plans.
3) Environmental Health Promotion Plan
Coordinate relevant stakeholders from all sectors to jointly determine targets and leverage points for solving problems.
Advocate for new policies and laws or amendments of existing laws (e.g. amending the National Environmental Quality Act B.E. 2535).
Enhancements in the capacity of new generations of environmentalists.
Enhancements in the capacity of sub-district administrative organizations and communities.
4) Consumer Health Promotion and Medicine System Development Plan
Advocacy for the Independent Organization for Consumer Protection Act.
Creation of a civil society organization that will provide consumer protection
Development of academic networks to collect information, management of knowledge sets, prioritize and manage criteria for dangerous products
Support academic institutions in monitoring and knowledge management related to consumer protection and medical systems.